ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Timothy Shay Arthur was born on June 6, 1809 and died on March 6, 1885. He was a popular 19th century American author, most famous for his temperance novel: “Ten Nights in Bar-Room and What I Saw There”(1854). Arthur’s ideas may seem simplistic or even oppressive today but many readers in his time found him relevant, helpful, reassuring and compelling.
- Three children: John, Kate and Maggie leave alone, when their mother die in a drunken fit right in front of their eyes.
- After the funeral, John and Kate was taken separately by two villagers while nobody wants to take care of the sick Maggie; until Mr. Thompson.
- Mr. Thompson arrives at his house carrying Maggie but his wife doesn’t like it and wants the child to be sent to the poorhouse.
- Mr. Thompson finds her wife talking to Maggie. After their supper talks to Maggie and then later on Mrs. Thompson arrives with the child’s food. Mrs. Thompson decided to let Maggie stay within two days before sending the child to the poorhouse.
- After how many days, Mr. Thompson didn’t see the Guardian’s of the Poor and never saw them. Decides to let Maggie stay and live with them at their house.
- Mr. Thompson
- Mrs. Thompson
- Farmer Jones
- Mrs. Ellis
- No particular name of the place
- In a village where people aren’t very wealthy
- It’s a dark and gloomy place (based on the description)
- Melancholic to Joyful
- Pitiful, Hopeful
- Hovel – poor
- Poorhouse – represents the sick and helpless children
Imagery – Visual Imagery
Theme – Compassion is the primary theme of the short story.
- Idleness- the state of being indolence; laziness
- Temperance- Moderation of passion; patience; calmness
- Scoffed- to jeer; laugh at with contempt and derision
- Poorhouse- a charitable institution where poor or homeless people are lodged
- Saintly- like a characteristic of a saint
- Mended- to repair
- Shrink- to become smaller
- Apt- suitable, appropriate; fit
- Errand- a trip to accomplish a small mission or to do some business
- Countenance – Appearance, esp. The feature and expression of the face